Type 2 Diabetes : A Lifestyle Disorder in Children
Over the last several decades, the world has seen a startling increase in diabetes diagnoses, with type-2 diabetes being the most common. Diabetes, however, does not just affect young and elderly people; it also has a negative impact on youngsters. Although type 1 diabetes is more frequent in children and teens, type 2 diabetes is becoming more widespread as a result of growing dependence on processed foods and a sedentary lifestyle.
Type 2 diabetes is a chronic lifestyle illness characterized by excessively high blood sugar levels caused by insulin insufficiency or insulin resistance. In this scenario, the body fails to adequately utilize insulin, which is generated by the pancreas. This failure to utilize insulin effectively may lead to sugar buildup in the blood, which leads to diabetes and a variety of other health issues such as hypertension and nerve damage, to mention a few. Obesity is the most common cause of type 2 diabetes in children.
Type 2 diabetes in children may develop slowly, with no obvious symptoms. Occasionally, the condition is discovered during a normal check-up.
Some children may exhibit the following signs and symptoms as a consequence of having too much sugar in their bloodstreams:
- heightened thirst
- Urine frequency
- heightened hunger
- hazy vision
- Skin discoloration, most often around the neck, armpits, and groin.
- Unintentional weight loss occurs less often in children with type 2 diabetes than in children with type 1 diabetes.
- Frequent infections
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Type 2 diabetes causes in children
Obesity is strongly linked to the development of type 2 diabetes. Children who are overweight are more likely to develop insulin resistance. High blood sugar causes a range of potentially significant health concerns because the body struggles to manage insulin.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)Trusted Source, obesity among American children and adolescents has more than quadrupled since the 1970s.
Genetics may also be involved. For example, if one or both parents have type 2 diabetes, the chance of developing the disease rises.
When should you visit a doctor?
Consult your child’s doctor if you observe any of the signs or symptoms of type 2 diabetes. If left untreated, the condition may be fatal.
Diabetes screening is advised for children who have begun puberty or are at least 10 years old, are overweight or obese, and have at least one major risk factor for type 2 diabetes.
Healthy lifestyle choices may aid in the prevention of type 2 diabetes in children. Inspire your youngster to:
Consume nutritious foods. Provide your youngster with meals that are low in fat and calories. Fruits, vegetables, and whole grains should be prioritized. To avoid boredom, strive for diversity.
Increase your physical activity. Encourage your youngster to participate in sports. Enroll your youngster in a sports team or dancing classes.
Even better, make it a family affair. Adults may benefit from the same lifestyle habits that help avoid type 2 diabetes in children.
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